When we think about **factors**, we are looking at numbers that divide another number without leaving a remainder. In this article, we are going to explore the factors of the number 60. This can help when simplifying fractions, finding common denominators, or solving problems in algebra and more.

## What Are Factors?

**Factors** of a number are the integers that can be multiplied together to obtain that number. For 60, factors are numbers that you can multiply in pairs to get 60. Both positive and negative numbers can be factors, but we usually focus on the positive ones.

## Factors of 60

Here is a list of the factors of 60:

- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4
- 5
- 6
- 10
- 12
- 15
- 20
- 30
- 60

## How to Calculate the Factors of 60

To calculate the **factors of 60**, we need to figure out which numbers multiply together to give the product of 60.

## Calculating the Factors of 60 Using the Multiplication Method

One way to find the factors is by using the multiplication method. We can start with 1 and see what number we need to multiply it by to get 60, then move on to the next number, and so on.

1 x 60 = 60

2 x 30 = 60

3 x 20 = 60

4 x 15 = 60

5 x 12 = 60

6 x 10 = 60

As we can see, after we reach 6 and 10, the pairs start to repeat in reverse. This shows we have found all our factor pairs.

## Calculating the Factors of 60 Using the Division Method

Another method to find factors is by using the division method. Here, we test whether 60 is divisible by different numbers without leaving any remainder.

60 divided by 1 = 60

60 divided by 2 = 30

60 divided by 3 = 20

60 divided by 4 = 15

60 divided by 5 = 12

60 divided by 6 = 10

60 divided by 10 = 6

60 divided by 12 = 5

60 divided by 15 = 4

60 divided by 20 = 3

60 divided by 30 = 2

60 divided by 60 = 1

Since all these divisions leave no remainder, they confirm the factor pairs we found using the multiplication method.

## What Is Prime Factorization?

**Prime Factorization** involves breaking down a number into its prime factors, which are prime numbers that multiply together to result in the original number. For 60, we keep dividing by the smallest prime number until we reach 1.

## Prime Factors of 60

Here is a list of the prime factors of 60:

- 2
- 3
- 5

When we break down 60, we get:

60 ÷ 2 = 30

30 ÷ 2 = 15

15 ÷ 3 = 5

5 ÷ 5 = 1

Thus, the prime factors of 60 are 2, 3, and 5.

## Conclusion

Understanding factors is essential in mathematics. They help us with simplifying fractions, finding common denominators, and solving algebra problems. Knowing how to find factors through both multiplication and division gives us a strong foundation for more complicated math problems. Additionally, prime factorization is a useful tool for breaking numbers down to their simplest components.

## FAQs

**Q: What are factors?**

A: Factors are numbers you can multiply together to get another number.

**Q: What are the factors of 60?**

A: The factors of 60 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, and 60.

**Q: What is prime factorization?**

A: Prime factorization is breaking down a number into its prime factors—prime numbers that multiply to give the original number.

**Q: What are the prime factors of 60?**

A: The prime factors of 60 are 2, 3, and 5.